How to Diffuse Light in SHTF Environments
First let’s deal with light. The reason light poses a problem is we need light to see optimally, but in using it at night, the light can be seen by others, giving our position away. Flashlights and any kind of hand-held lantern, battery powered or otherwise are the main problems here. There are a few simple ways to cut down on these signatures, and all of them take practice.
- No white lenses with movement: you need to obtain a red lens for your flashlight . This will not defeat NVD’s (night vision devices), but it will cut down on being compromised by the unwanted naked eye considerably.
- When using the flashlight, cover it up: preferably a poncho  over top of yourself and the flashlight, to perform whatever task you need to accomplish when moving at night, such as checking your position on the map, or fooling with equipment of some kind. Keep that light covered.
- Adjust your eyes and learn to move in the dark without a flashlight: this will take some practice, and some people may not have the night vision abilities  to perform it, especially those with eye problems. For everyone else, practice makes perfect. Most nights have a little illumination and are not pitch dark (except for the New Moon and a day before and after).
- Smokers: you must hide the signature of the end of your cigarette. Through NVD’s it appears to be a flare going off from a distance. Either cup it within your hands, or inside of an aluminum pouch, such as found with MRE’s (Meal Ready to Eat). When you light that cigarette you also tend to give off a big signature. Best thing I can tell you is to quit smoking and really nip it in the bud. Not to mention the fact that you can smell a cigarette from several hundred feet away.
How to Minimize Noise Levels in Dangerous Situations
Noise is an entirely different animal. We make noise as we walk. We can’t help it.
What we can do, however, is control the amount of noise we make…and reduce the amount that would give away our position. You must practice noise discipline  in order to perfect it! Looking where you walk and where you take your next step is key. Be keenly observant of where you are moving and through what. Are you facing a large area covered in dry leaves, with dry weather? Are there dried branches and twigs strewn all over the place?
How about sticker bushes and nettles in the summertime? If you’re not crushing them underfoot, how about if one of them whips you across the face? Unless you are prepared to take the pain of it, you may yell, curse, or cry out. You should practice moving through all of these different types of substances. In addition, how about the noise made just as a consequence of your movement?
Many people carry so much stuff, such as keys, change in their pockets, etc., that they mimic a tambourine when they walk. Let’s not forget our happy, singing, laughing, chirping tracking devices…our cell phones. Your cell phones: I don’t use one. You can believe when Uncle Ed tries to reach you or you get a call from Gram-gram, or some other family member, and you’re out in the woods? The whole world (animal, vegetable, and human) will hear that ringtone. Clattering gear that is rattling around, the sounds of trampled branches and vegetation, the occasional grunt in fatigue or pain…all of these will give you away.
Any and all of your rattling gear needs to be silenced. Everything that is loose must be tied down and secured. This is not just prudent: this is survival. “What is the situation?” you may ask.
The situation is anything: our happy “Betty Crocker/Holly Hobby” society can change with the blink of an eye into “The Road ” by Cormac McCarthy.
Choose the situation. The situation is unimportant. What is important here is that you ensure noise and light discipline in order to avoid being obsequious and potentially to evade a pursuer. Practice walking at night in the woods, and listen to yourself. When you’re stationary, practice listening to the things that are around you. If you’re patient and open your eyes, ears, and mind, the woods will come alive for you. Your senses will experience what your normal Western-Consumer marketing environment deadens them to.
Learn to pace yourself by the amount of noise you make and also practice leaving fewer tracks and/or a trail. Practice negotiating close (thickly-vegetated) terrain and making as little noise as possible. Skills need practice in order to master them. Now that the weather is warming up, try some training that won’t cost you anything except time and effort to master these skills. JJ out!