We had an awful lot of trees to choose from to burn in the range, and some were far better than others. Well seasoned hardwood was by far the best. We stored it in a huge shed, more like a small barn really. There were a few holes in it, but that didn’t matter, it let the air circulate! Here’s a list of what we used, and what we didn’t:
Ash: One of the best woods for burning. It gives plenty of heat, flames well and even burns reasonably when green.
Beech: Not quite as good as ash. It makes a good fire, but spits out embers.
Birch: A good heat, but a quick burner. Nice smell.
Hazel: Burns well but does spark a little.
Hawthorn: One of the best woods to burn, but not easy to find. It burns slow and hot.
Hornbeam: Similar to beech. Well worthwhile.
Oak: Must be well-seasoned. Very dense, so burns slow and hot and makes a lovely bed of glowing coals. Only real drawback is the amount of ash that it makes.
Sycamore: Flames nicely but heat is not as strong as oak or ash. Very common firewood and good to mix with others.
Rowan: A good heat and reasonably slow burn. Also known as Mountain Ash.
Blackthorn: Very good. A nice hot and slow burn without much smoke.
Walnut: Burns hot with a lovely scent.
Apple: A good, slow burner with a beautiful scent and medium heat.
Cherry: Same as apple.
Chestnut: Not a lot of heat. It crackles and sparks a lot. Better to mix with other woods.
Holly: Well-seasoned it is reasonable but mainly small logs – medium heat and long lasting.
These next woods are the ones to avoid:
Yew: A toxic chemical exists in the wood, so do not use on an open fire.
Laurel: Do not use on an open fire as Laurel contains a toxic chemical.
Aspen: Burns hot and fast. Better to mix if you have to use this.
Elm: Smoky and difficult to get hot. Exception is dead elm that’s been standing for years – this makes a great burning wood – hot and long lasting.
Lime: Difficult to get going, and low heat.
Poplar: Not a good burner
Willow: Same as poplar.
Alder: Very wet wood. It does not burn hot and finishes quickly.
Plane: Burns well and quickly but sparks a lot.
Elder: Useless. Low heat, burns quickly and smokey.
Some of the softwoods, the pines and so on we did use, but only if we had to. They take a good long time to dry out and they burn much faster than the hardwood trees. All spruce trees spark no end and are not good for open fires.
Well, that’s my opinion of wood that is suitable for heating, I hope it was useful.