Disaster Supplies for Surviving a Flood
Floods and flash floods can come on fast and can¬†create critical and unpredictable situations that require people to stay in their homes or evacuate if the waters enter the home.¬† The right supplies can sustain a person and their family until the waters recede or help them to evacuate to higher ground.¬† Gathering the necessary items ahead of time is the safest and most proactive approach to disaster safety.¬† A good rule of thumb when planning for a possible disaster is to prepare for the worst case scenario so that all issues will be covered.
Drinking water is the best way to keep the body hydrated.¬† Store 3 days worth of potable water in plastic containers.¬†¬† Potable water¬†is water safe for human consumption.¬† It is free of disease causing microorganisms, poisonous substances, minerals, organic matter, chemical, biological and radioactive substances.¬† Another method is to freeze water in plastic soda containers.¬†¬†FEMA recommends that a person should have 1 gallon of water per person for at least 3 days.¬† Try to stay away from caffeinated beverages¬†as much as possible¬†as they tend to dehydrate the body.¬†
Stockpile a 3 day supply of non perishable items such as canned goods, dehydrated foods, high energy foods such as granola bars, power bars, trail mix and cereals.¬† Try and find foods that do not require a lot of water to prepare them.¬† Certain family members may need special foods such as infant formula, baby food or needs for someone who is diabetic.¬†
First Aid Kit
Keeping a well stocked medical supply can come in handy if someone has a injury.¬† First aid kits can be assembled at home and include all of the basic first aid items that may be needed.¬† A list of complete first aid items can be seen here.
Maintain good hygiene and wash hands often.¬† Sanitation items are good to keep around not only to stay clean, but also to have in the event that someone comes in contact with the flood water.¬† Flood waters have microorganisms such as E.¬†Coli that can infect a person and cause them to have serious illnesses or injury.¬† Items such as:
- Hand wipes
- Toilet paper
- Person hygiene items
- Feminine hygiene items
Pre-packed disaster tools in a centralized location can be a life saver if a person¬†needs them in a time sensitive manner.¬†
- Flash lights
- Propane stove
- Fire extinguisher (ABC variety)
- Battery¬†operated radio
- Can¬†opener (non electric)
- Duct tape
- Multipurpose tool
- Waterproof matches
- Floatation device
- Tube tent
- Extra cash¬†
- Trash bags
- Signal flare
- Wrench to shut off gas appliances and water
- Survival manual
- Plastic cups and plates
Bug Out Bag
¬†In the case that a person has to evacuate, having a prepared 72 hour kit or bug out bag¬†will expedite the process of leaving as well as keeping things running as smoothly as possible.¬† A¬†72 hour bag should have all items¬†necessary to survive for¬†3 days.¬† When preparing a bag keep the main surviving points in mind (water, food, shelter, clothing).¬† Having a separate bug out bag for the vehicle will also come in handy in the event that someone has to leave their home immediately.
Things to Avoid During a Flood
- Avoid the flood waters as much as possible.¬† The CDC states that “flood waters may contain fecal material from overflowing sewage systems and agricultural and industrial bi-products.”¬† Other serious germs are present in the water as well and some can enter through broken skin where¬†infection can set in.¬†
- Do not wade through the water.¬† There are a number of unknown objects in the water, such as¬† fallen electric lines¬†that¬†may still carry a charge, holes in the ground that cause a person to fall and possibly drown.¬† Flood waters are not safe.
- Do not drink the water.¬† Microorganisms such as E. Coli, Giardia, Toxoplasmosis, Norovirus, and Cryptosporidium can be ingested, thus causing severe illnesses.¬† Not to mention, there could be traces of metals, leads or fertilizers in the water.
- Never drive through flood waters.¬† Driving in flood water¬†is extremely dangerous and unpredictable,¬†and a car could easily be swept away.
Related Information Sources:
Store Your Food and Be Ready
Disaster:¬† It’s Not a Case of If but When
Flood Safety Tips
This information has been made available by Ready Nutrition
Author: Tess Pennington
Author's Web Site:
Made Available By: Ready Nutrition
Date: January 22nd, 2010
Related Categories: Emergency Checklists, Preparedness, Reserve Supplies